Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Information on tv. To resolve the very first group of research concerns in connection with prevalence

Information Analyses

To resolve the initial pair of research concerns in connection with prevalence of nonheterosexual product on tv, we utilized episode-level information ( e.g., percentages of episodes containing same-sex behavior that is sexual containing speak about intercourse linked to nonheterosexuals) and chi-square analyses to look at between-group distinctions by using these nominal data. When it comes to 2nd group of research questions, we utilized just those indicates that included nonheterosexual intimate content and evaluated their regularity across 2-minute periods ( e.g., quantity of periods per hour of system time with nonheterosexual intimate talk). Of these analyses, we utilized t-tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) to try team distinctions. Significant omnibus F-tests had been followed up with post hoc comparisons making use of Tamhane’s T2 test, which will not assume cell that is equal or equal variance, to determine significant distinctions across teams.

Outcomes

Prevalence of Nonheterosexual Sexual Information

About one in six shows inside our examples contained any content that is sexualbehavior or talk) regarding nonheterosexuals. Dining Table 1 shows the portion of suggests that contained any same-sex sexual behavior and any sexual talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals by system genres, by types of system, and also by period of day aired. The 11 stations were classified into one of three categories: commercial broadcast (which included the three major networks ABC, CBS, and NBC as well as Fox, UPN, and WB), cable music entertainment (which included BET and MTV), and premium cable movie (which included Cinemax, HBO, and Showtime) for network type. With regards to time of broadcast, were classified as prime-time day.

Dining Dining Table 1

Note: Within style of system and period of day aired, percentages when you look at the exact same line that don’t share subscripts vary at p dining dining Table 1 ). More often than not, there was clearly a high amount of communication from a genre’s general positions for same-sex intimate behavior and speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems. Also, genres’ standings on both these factors had been fairly stable throughout the two tv seasons.

Three genres had been regularly lower in both types of nonheterosexual sexual content: Children’s cartoons (none of which contained behavior that is intimate intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals in either year), news mags . 3 Genres that tended to m.xlovecam.com possess the greatest proportions of programs with nonheterosexual content had been variety/comedy and component movie. Made-for-TV movies and programs classified as “other” additionally had reasonably high proportions with nonheterosexual content that is sexual nevertheless, both these groups included just only a few programs ), which makes it hard to draw conclusions about them. Consequently, although we include these latter two genres into the tables, we don’t emphasize the findings connected with them.

Network-type evaluations

Note: Within style of community and period of day aired, means into the same column that don’t share subscripts vary at p 1 For simplicity of presentation, we make use of the term “nonheterosexual” to refer collectively to any or all people whose sexual orientation is certainly not solely heterosexual, including homosexual men, lesbians, and bisexuals of either sex.

2 one other intimate behavior category had been utilized to fully capture all the other forms of intimate tasks that would not end up in the categories specified flirting, kissing, intimate touching, sexual activity implied, and sexual activity depicted including low-level intimate functions such as for instance leering to high-level intimate functions such as for example masturbation and bondage and control.

4 Because our examples consist of programs from both commercial broadcast and cable systems, we utilized a typical device wide range of 2-minute periods each hour of system time in the place of wide range of 2-minute periods per 1-hour show to evaluate the regularity of sexual behavior and speak about sex linked to nonheterosexuals. This makes up about the fact commercials significantly lower the amount of system content on broadcast networks to about 22 two-minute intervals in a program that is one-hour whereas 1-hour cable programs routinely have about 30 two-minute periods.

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